Turquoise is a semi-precious gemstone frequently incorporated into some of the most modern, beautiful handmade jewelry in the world. It is most often found in blue and turquoise hues, and is widely recognized as the December birthstone as well as the 11th anniversary gemstone. But beyond its modern-day uses and associations, turquoise holds a decadent mythological, spiritual and etymological history that adds nostalgic value to its already strong aesthetic worth. Read on for more information that will help you fall in love with your turquoise jewelry – or inspire you to buy some today!
Turquoise can range from grey to green to blue and yellows, often veined by the brown matrix with varying textures, and is only found in dry, barren regions. As a far back as 6000 years ago, this stone is one of the oldest to be used by man, for both jewelry and ornamental purposes. Around 5500 BC, the ancient Egyptians found turquoise in the Sinai Peninsula. Around 1900, Queen Zer’s tomb was unearthed and she was found wearing a turquoise and gold bracelet around her wrist.
Turquoise is said to bring luck and fortune to the wearer, and a feeling of calmness with its cool color tones, in addition to wisdom, and is often popular in Southwest, Native American, and Egyptian jewelry designs.
Turquoise gemstones look best as parts of formal evening jewelry when paired with black onyx, pearls or sterling silver. More casual combinations include softer contrasts with black pearls, carnelian and ruby. To see a selection of handmade artisan jewelry featuring turquoise, click here. Turquoise is typically considered a sophisticated gemstone that works well with any outfit. In earrings, citrine works well to enhance the luster of hazel eyes.
Chinese Turquoise comes in both green and blue colors, with many subtle color variations throughout the stone, and has spider web (matrix) veining. There are four to five regions in China where they are mined. The Ma’ashan turquoise mine is located near Shanghai, in addition to the Hubei Province, just to name a few.
As far back as approximately 1700 BC, Turquoise was used in China mainly for ornamental carvings and other artistic purposes. In Beijing, at the Academy of Social Sciences, there is a bronze and turquoise plaque on display which is thought to be from that era.
Chinese turquoise is almost always stabilized, and will not be as likely to be affected by lotions or perfumes when it is worn, protecting the color of the turquoise from outside elements.
Sleeping Beauty Turquoise comes from the Sleeping Beauty Mountain in Globe, Arizona, which is one of the largest mines as to date. Sleeping beauty comes in many hues of light to dark blue. Turquoise is mainly found in the US, Australia, Chile, Mexico, and historically, Iran.
Mohs’ Hardness score is based on a 10 point scale where 10 is the most resistant, like a diamond, and 1 is easily scratched, such as Talc. Turquoise gets a score of 5-6, meaning that it is fairly scratch resistant and therefore suitable as a component of everyday jewelry. Turquoise gemstones should be regularly cleaned by a professional or with a soft rag and mild soap and water. Other methods, including ultra-sonic clenares, solvents and harsh chemicals should be avoided when cleaning your handcrafted jewelry as exposure to these elements can damage semi-precious and precious gemstones and pearls.
photo by createhdesign.wordpress.com/2009/04/11/turquoise-blue-white-inspirations/
Emeralds are a gemstone from the Beryl family of stones. They have a stunning green color.It gets its characteristic emerald green color from traces of chromium in the crystal matrix. Emeralds of excellent quality which exceed a carat frequently are valued above diamonds. Inclusions caused by calcite deposits are typical in emeralds and color saturation and hue are a bigger factor in determining the value of an Emerald.
Healing Power: Though not meant to replace traditional medical treatment, emerald is extensively used for physical and emotional healing. Emerald has refreshing soft green color, which has amazing healing powers for eyes, and it is a good talisman for any eye trouble. If worn about the neck or finger, emerald prevents convulsions in children. Emeralds are also an antidote for poisons and poisonous wounds. It aids with ailments of the spine. Emeralds help fighting all mental illness and neurological disorders.
Mystical Power: Many virtues are ascribed to emerald. It is said to drive away evil spirits, and to preserve the chastity of the wearer. Emerald is said to bring wisdom. Believed by the ancients to empower the owner with foresight into the future, an emerald is regarded as an amulet for good fortune. The emerald gives faith, success in love, and discovery of false friends. It changes color in the presence of false friends or false witnesses. It promotes constancy of mind, true friendship, and felicity in domestic life. As a love token, it registers the degree of love. If pale, love is waning. An emerald symbolizes rebirth and youth. According to legends, emeralds strengthen the owner’s memory, quicken the intelligence and assist in predicting the future. When worn, the stone is supposed to prevent epilepsy attack, and when held in the mouth it is believed to be a cure for dysentery. It is supposed to assist women at childbirth.
Legend: Emeralds have been treasured for thousands of years. The infatuation with Emeralds dates back to ancient Egypt and Rome. It is said that Cleopatra was always adorned in Emeralds and that this was her most treasured jewelry. The earliest emeralds date from the Ptolemaic era (320-30 B.C.), but there have been discoveries of mining tools going back to Ramses II (1300 B.C.) or even before. In the Middle Ages, deposits were also uncovered near Salzburg, Austria. By the 16th Century, however, Colombia became the most celebrated diamond producer, with the stones being traded throughout South America. To the Romans, emerald was dedicated to Venus, the Goddess of Beauty, and symbolized the reproductive forces of nature. To the early Christians, it represented resurrection.
Occurence: The majority of our Emeralds are Colombian, many from the renowned Muzo Mine, Chivor and Coscuez mines. We occasionally obtain Emeralds from Zambia and Brazil. Zambian emeralds are yellow-green, grey-green, spinach green.
Color: Emerald exhibits an incomparable pure green hue but can also be found in a bluish-green hue.
Care: Avoid extreme heat, temperature changes, steaming, chemicals and ultrasonic cleaners.
Rubies are traditionally precious red stones that adorn some of the finest jewelry ever made. Some people are hooked on ruby as their gemstone of choice for its beautiful red color and sexy appeal. Let’s learn a bit more about this wonderful jewel.
Rubies can be pink to blood-red colored. They are a variety of the mineral corundum. The red color is caused mainly by the presence of the element chromium. The name originally comes from ‘ruber’, which means ‘red’ in Latin. Sapphire is also made of gem-quality corundum. The ruby is considered one of the four precious stones; the other three are sapphires, emeralds, and diamonds.
Prices of rubies are primarily determined by color. The brightest and most valuable ‘red’ – called pigeon blood-red – demands a much higher price over other rubies of similar quality. After color, follows clarity: similar to diamonds, a clear stone will command a premium, but a ruby without any needle-like rutile inclusions may indicate that the stone has been treated. The quality of the cut and the size also determine the price. A less acceptable treatment, which has gained notoriety in recent years, is lead glass filling. Filling the fractures inside the ruby with lead glass dramatically improves the transparency of the stone, making previously unsuitable rubies fit for applications in jewelry.
Gemstones are rated on a scale of hardness called the Mohs scale. Diamonds are considered to be a ‘10′. Rubies have a hardness of 9.0 on the scale. All natural rubies have imperfections in them, including color impurities and inclusions of rutile needles known as ’silk’. Experts use the silk to determine if the stone is genuine. Almost all rubies today are treated in some form, with heat treatment being the most common practice. Rubies that are completely untreated but still of excellent quality are quite expensive.
For centuries, Myanmar was the world’s main source for rubies. That region has produced some of the finest rubies ever mined, but in recent years very few good rubies have been found there. The very best color in Myanmar rubies is sometimes described as ‘pigeon’s blood’. In central Myanmar, the area of Mong Hsu began producing rubies during the 1990s and rapidly became the world’s main ruby mining area. Rubies have also been mined in Thailand, Cambodia, and in Afghanistan. After the Second World War, ruby deposits were found in Tanzania, Madagascar, Vietnam, Nepal, Tajikistan, and Pakistan. A few rubies have been found in the USA. Some large ruby deposits have recently been found under the receding ice shelf of Greenland. In 2002 rubies were found in Kenya.
Be careful, some Imitation rubies are also marketed. Red spinel, red garnets, and colored glass have been falsely claimed to be rubies. Imitations go back to Roman times and as far back as the 17th century techniques were developed to fool the untrained and uninformed.
If you are in the market for some beautiful ruby jewelry, go to a reputable dealer to get the quality and style you demand. Rubies are almost a necessity for any jewelry wearer and enhance any outfit. Happy ruby shopping!
Photo by astroyogisays.wordpress.com/tag/gem-stones/
The wonderful Amethyst gemstone is the birthstone for January, but that of course does not limit the people who choose to wear this sparkling gem. This wonderful stone attracts people of every birth month. Amethyst jewelry is extremely popular and this wonderful gemstone looks so beautiful set in metal; particularly into silver, platinum or white gold, as its purple color compliments them. Amethyst jewelry has been crafted into wonderful pieces since at least the time of the ancient Greeks and it is no wonder why! Learn more about the history and features of amethyst jewelry that make it so special.
The amethyst stone is certainly very popular with jewelry lovers all over the world. It is a type of quartz and thankfully there is no shortage, at least no so far, of this sparkling gem. That is the main reason why amethyst jewelry does not need to be very expensive; the gem can be found in abundance in many mines all over the globe and this makes amethyst jewelry affordable and popular.
Long ago, the ancient Greek civilization believed that amethyst jewelry would keep away the negative effects of alcohol and this may have arisen because of the color of the stone: a wine color. The color of amethyst jewelry is what makes the gem so striking; the color of purple is very vivid and looks stunning when set in jewelry. Many choose to wear amethyst jewelry that is made of silver, platinum or white gold, as the color of the amethyst compliments those metals so wonderfully. Amethyst jewelry is not one particular certain color of purple as the gem does vary in its color; however the amethyst will most definitely be a shade of purple; if not, it is not an amethyst!
Amethyst jewelry will be different in different part of the world. This is because the amethyst gem will vary depending on the location that it is mined. Certain mines will determine which shade of purple the amethyst is. In fact, the amethyst is so loyal to its original location that experts can look at an amethyst jewelry piece and know exactly which mine the stone came from. Aside from looking at the color of the amethyst jewelry, they will also pay attention to the shape of the stone and its particular features.
Looking to mine amethyst? Or are you wondering where your piece of amethyst jewelry came from? The amethyst can be found in many countries, including but not limited to Vera Cruz Mexico where the stone will be a very pale purple, Guerrero Mexico where the amethyst will be a very dark purple, Brazil where the gem will be found inside volcanic holes and the stones are a medium purple, Canada where the amethyst may have a red tint and is found in ancient rock formations, Africa where the amethyst is large but not generally beautiful enough to make amethyst jewelry and in the United States where it can be found along the east coast including the state of Maine, North Carolina and Pennsylvania.
The most popular cut of the amethyst jewelry is a round cut, as it shows off the color best. Lucky for all of us, amethyst jewelry continues to be spectacularly beautiful and not overly expensive so that we can all enjoy this wonderful gem.
Photo by jewelryadviser.us
3. Serendibite USD $1.8-2 Million/Carat
This gem is a cyan colored stone that comes from Sri Lanka. It boasts an unusually complex formula consisting of calcium, magnesium, aluminum, silicon, boron and oxygen. So far there exist only three faceted (cut) specimens of 0.35 carats, 0.55 carats and 0.56 carats. The first two were discovered by rare stone specialist D. P. Gunasekera and purchased by the late Prof. E. J. Gübelin of Switzerland. The smallest was sold for about $14,300.00 per carat.
2. Red Diamonds USD $2-2.5 Million/Carat
Only a very few red diamonds are ever found, and few people have only seen even one treated red diamond. The gem is described as a purplish red, so it is not a pure red, crimson, vermilion, or scarlet. Nevertheless for its size it is one of the most expensive diamonds ever. The Argyle Mine in Australia produces a small number of red diamonds. The largest and finest of these are auctioned every year or two, and sell for millions of dollars.
1. Jadeite USD $3 + Million/Carat
Until recent years jadeite has been something of a mystery mineral, but we now know of primary sources in Guatemala as well as several California occurrences of white or grayish jadeite. Boulders in which a few small freestanding crystals have been seen occur in San Benito Co., California, with additional finds in Clear Creek, between New Idria and Hernandez. All Mexican jadeite is in artifacts, from unknown sources. The record price for a single piece of jadeite jewelry was set at the November 1997 Christie’s Hong Kong sale: Lot 1843, the “Doubly Fortunate” necklace of 27 approximately .5 mm jadeite beads sold for US$9.3 million
Cubic Zirconia is a synthetic gemstone that looks very close to diamond. Because of its startling diamond-like appearance and inexpensive price tag, cubic zirconia is a highly popular gemstone used most frequently in jewelry such as rings, earrings, bracelets and pendants. Although cubic zirconia is synthetic, it is inspired by its natural counterpart, zirconium oxide (ZrO2), first discovered in 1892 but too rare to be commercially profitable. Through a series of separate experiments by German and Soviet scientists, zirconium oxide and yttrium oxide were eventually melted together at temperatures reaching 4,982ºF (2,750ºC) and cubic zirconia crystal growth laboratory
Cubic zirconia is crystalline, flawless, and clear enough to rate a “D” on the diamond scale for clarity. Though usually colorless, it can also be made in nearly any color, including soft yellow, characteristic of some diamonds. Cubic zirconia sparkles brighter than crystal and is harder than most gems, making it very durable. It also weighs about 65% more than diamond. However, if there is an obvious difference between the two to the untrained eye. Because cubic zirconia is higher than the rate of spread diamond
In the case of gemstones, dispersion refers to the ability of a mineral to split light into separate wavelengths, creating prism-like colors or “fire.” Because cubic zirconia is higher than the rate of spread diamond, when light shines on cubic zirconia, it brilliantly sparkles with many different colors refracted in its crystalline structure. But very attractive, it “outshines” a diamond in this sense, potentially giving itself away. Efforts continue to be made by some manufacturers of cubic zirconia to render the gem even more diamond-like. It is already so close in appearance that, in some instances, a jeweler’s loop is necessary to tell it from a high-quality diamond
While a cubic zirconia wedding band might not have the same “ring” as diamond, it is a great alternative for affordable, yet beautiful jewelry. Perhaps the best person to buy a cubic zirconia gift for is yourself. Splurge on the “diamond” ring you’ve always wanted, or that beautiful bracelet. You can wear out in the city without worrying about the dollar but still look like a million bucks
Photo by :www.ambrosiaparis.com